This work signaled a new dimension
García's early compositions: more depth and greater
to orchestration. José Alvarez, oboist at the premiere,
reminisced in 1855: "Shortly after, he presented another operetta also
one act, entitled El criado fingido,
which was much better and more
successful than the previous. He also put in this work a polo, which he sang divinely."
(published in the Gaceta musical de
Madrid, 13 July 1856; quoted in Radomski, Manuel García,
The polo (a fast triple-meter
Andalusian song) in question was 'Cuerpo
bueno, alma divina' which was the second work, after 'Yo que soy
contrabandista' to remain popular well after García's lifetime.
It was this work which inspired the entr'acte to Act IV of Carmen (1875) by Georges Bizet.
The story was light fare, essentially the early-nineteenth century
version of a modern 'sit-com':
Don Dámaso has sent his daughter, Inés, to spend some
his sister, Jacinta, in an effort to separate her from Vicente, a
student and son of his friend, Don Pedro. Don Dámaso thinks it's
match, but they're getting too serious and he wants Vicente to finish
study at the University of Salamanca before any thoughts of marriage
But Vicente disguises himself as a servant of Don Dámaso in
visit Inés at her aunt's house. Eventually everyone convenes on
the house and Vicente's true identity is revealed in a climactic
Vicente was, of course, played by García at the premiere, with
Laureana Correa in the role of Inés. Joaquina Briones, a
comedienne, played the role of Jacinta.
El criado fingido was
performed for many years in Spain. On 30 May 1815
in was included in a gala performance for the Saint's Day of King
Fernando VII. Together with the manuscripts of the original parts (from
Teatro de la Cruz), now in the Municipal Library of Madrid, are found
additions and changes made by composer Balthasar Saldoni for a later
Download PDF files of the orchestral Score:
Libretto and English Translation
1 Coplas, "La condición de las mujeres"
2 Terzetto, "Adios, querida sobrina"
3 "Paseando cierto día..." Polo, "Cuerpo bueno, alma divina"
4 Duo, "Escribir quiero la carta"
5 Coplas, "Si de una joven bien criada"
6 Coplas, "Hoy que estaba ya mejor"
7 Quinteto, "¿Cómo es esto?"
8 Coro Final: "Al fin todo ha terminadado"
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